Download e-book for iPad: Abiding Courage: African American Migrant Women and the East by Gretchen Lemke-Santangelo

By Gretchen Lemke-Santangelo

among 1940 and 1945, millions of African american citizens migrated from the South to the East Bay zone of northern California looking for the social and fiscal mobility that used to be linked to the region's increasing protection and its recognition for higher racial tolerance. Drawing on fifty oral interviews with migrants in addition to on archival and different written files, Abiding Courage examines the stories of the African American ladies who migrated west and equipped groups there. Gretchen Lemke-Santangelo vividly indicates how ladies made the transition from southern household and box paintings to jobs in an business, wartime financial system. while, they have been suffering to maintain their households jointly, developing new families, and growing community-sustaining networks and associations. whereas white girls shouldered the double burden of salary hard work and home tasks, black girls confronted even larger demanding situations: discovering homes and colleges, finding church buildings and clinical providers, and contending with racism. by means of targeting ladies, Lemke-Santangelo offers new views on the place and the way social swap happens and the way neighborhood is verified and maintained.

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Abiding Courage: African American Migrant Women and the East Bay Community by Gretchen Lemke-Santangelo


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